Pune history & Culture

Pune is “The most liveable city in India” for a reason. The quality of life is the major aspect that makes Pune a fantastic place to live in. The weather is another notable thing as it remains pleasant all year round. People are more broad-minded and don’t interfere in other’s way of living that motivates outsiders to become a part of this city and experience its charm.

It is also called “The Oxford of the East” due to various top-class institutes where students enroll on an international level.

Well, as amazing as the city is, so is the history of this city.

Let’s dig deeper into that-

The History that Talks about Yadavs, Mughals, Peshawas, and Marathas

The existence of the Pune region takes us back to 758 and 768 AD; the period was also the origin of the Pataleshwar rock-cut temple complex.

In the 9th century, Yadvas were the one who got supremacy over Pune. They named the area “Punekavadi” and “Punevadi”. The control of Pune remained under the Yadav dynasty until, in 1317, Yadavas got defeated by the Khalji dynasty. Also, don’t forget by using Astropedia’s Rahu Kalam Pune Tool

With this victory, Islamic power gained domination over the city for three hundred years. Afterward, Tughlaqs’ dynasty flourished in Pune once defeating the Khalji dynasty. To provide the city an even strong shield, a defensive wall was constructed in the early 1300s.

Later in the 1600s, the control of Pune was shifted to Marathas. It is also considered that Adilshah of the Mughal Empire offered Shahaji Bhosale the command of Pune, which was then known as Punya wadi. After accepting the honor, Shahaji Bhosale sent his wife and young son Shivaji to Pune.

Young Shiva grew up, and Pune found its caretaker in the form of Great Maratha King Chatrapati Shivaji. This was the luminous time for the city that it flourished and gained a prosperity of civilization. Shivaji was also identified as the true opponent of the Mughal Empire.

Shivaji remained the ruler until 1690; after his death, the Mughals regained their governance and named the city “Muhiyabad.” However, this supremacy was for a short period because Marathas took over again and renamed the city “Pune.”

Marathas’s battle against the Mughal Empire defeated the Mughas; however this encounter left Marathas vulnerable. Hence the kingdom became weak, and the power was then shifted to the Peshawas (Prime Minister appointed by King). These PMs established Pune as working capital to manage the finances and expand the Maratha Empire. During the Maratha’s rule, Pune flourished and became a major city in India.

In 1818 when Britishers took control in India, Marathas lost the battle to them, and this was the fall for Marathas. The British East India Company captured all the borders of Pune as a result. However, during the British rule, the city experienced a major construction for different sites and buildings as the Britishers wanted to facilitate the city for themselves.

As time progressed, there became an increment in the population too. The city, due to its mild and pleasant weather, also got the name “Monsoon capital.”

Pune after the Independence of India

India gained its independence in 1947, after which the British rule ended in Pune. The city became a part of Bombay; however, the following year, Mahatma Gandhi was killed by Nathuram Godse.

In 1950 Pune struggled to become a part of the state of Maharashtra to be recognized as Marathi speaking region. Afterward, the Congress party government agreed to merge the Marathi speaking areas and assigned them to the state Maharashtra in 1960.

Since that time, Pune hasn’t looked back, and today the city serves as a large metropolis. The increase in educational hubs plus IT industries invited more and more people that today it is the 9th most populated city in India. The tremendous growth of the city provides a chance for people to find better employment. The open-mindedness of society agrees for a more liberated lifestyle, and the pleasant feeling in the environment allows for a healthy living in Pune.

This time Pune homes people from different parts of Maharashtra, being the second largest city of the state. Plus, it always attracts individuals from other parts of the country as well, all thanks to the living standard the city offers.

By the way, Pune offers a large amount of tourism due to its great sightseeing places that don’t let anyone disenchanted. Shaniwar Wada, VetalTekdi, Pashan Lake, Pune-Okayama Friendship Garden, and Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park are just to namea few.

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