Difference between Literature Review and Abstract

A student needs to write a dissertation or thesis to complete their degree with the research project. Students are provided with the guidelines for writing the dissertation. In these guidelines, the students are guided to follow the rules of writing academic papers. In the process of writing the dissertation, the students have to write a couple of things that define its structure.

This structure includes an abstract, introduction, literature review, methodology, result, conclusion and etc. Undoubtedly, it is the lengthy and hectic coursework assigned by the teacher, which needs to complete before the deadline. There are a lot of things that teachers do not explain to their students. As a result, students get confused and opted Literature Review Writing Service or any platform.


This blog will discuss the most common query that students usually asked on phd dissertation proofreading services. Here we will discuss the differences between the literature review and abstract by explaining the definition of both as well as the process of writing each of them.


Definition of a literature review

An examination of academic sources on a particular subject constitutes a literature review. It gives you an overview of existing knowledge and allows you to identify existing theories, methodologies, and gaps in existing research. It uses to strengthen any thesis or dissertation by conducting an investigation on the research question (dissertationwritinghelp, 2022).

Effective Literature

An effective literature review analyzes, summarizes, and critically evaluates sources in addition to summarizing them to paint a complete picture of the current state of knowledge regarding the topic. A 5000-word journal article should have a literature review that is between 1200 and 2000 words long.

What makes a piece of literature effective? This is a question that has been debated by scholars for centuries, and there is no single answer. However, there are certain elements that can make a work of literature more effective than others.

These include strong characters, a welldeveloped plot, interesting settings, and beautiful or evocative language. When all of these elements come together, they can create a powerful and moving experience for the reader.

Definition of the abstract
an abstract is a brief summary of a longer piece of writing (such as a dissertation or thesis paper). Readers can easily understand the topic of your paper by reading the abstract, which briefly summarizes the objectives and findings of your research. Your abstract should outline the goals of your research, the techniques you used, as well as the conclusions you came to. The structure may differ slightly based on your discipline.


The typical word count for an abstract is between 100 and 300, but strict word counts are frequently enforced, so be sure to review the relevant guidelines. The abstract should appear on a separate page in a dissertation or thesis, following the title page and acknowledgments but prior to the table of contents.


Basic steps for writing the literature review
Following are the most common steps that literature review includes in almost every dissertation or thesis.


The perspective of the literature review should clearly stated in the introduction. If you are writing a literature review as part of the dissertation or thesis, restate your primary issue or research question and provide a brief overview of the scholarly context.



Depending on how long your literature review is, you may want to divide it into subsections. Each concept, time, and methodological approach can have a separate heading. You can use the following tips while writing:


Summarize and synthesize: Provide an overview of the key ideas from each source and bring them together into a logical whole.

Analyze and interpret: Do not just repeat what other researchers have said; add your own insights when you can. Discuss the significance of the findings in the context of the body of literature.

Critically evaluate: discuss the sources’ strengths and weaknesses.

Write in paragraphs that are well-structured: To make connections, comparisons, and contrasts, use transitional words and topic sentences.

Assuming you would like a blog titledWrite in paragraphs that are wellstructured“: One of the most important aspects of writing is paragraph structure. A wellstructured paragraph is a key to communicating your ideas clearly and effectively. Here are a few tips to keep in mind when writing paragraphs: Start with a topic sentence that states the main idea of the paragraph. Support the topic sentence with specific details, examples, or quotes. Use transitions between sentences to create a flow. Conclude the paragraph with a sentence that sums up the main idea. By following these tips, you can ensure that your paragraphs are wellstructured and communicate your ideas effectively.


You should highlight the significance of the major discoveries you have drawn from the literature in the conclusion. Do not forget to proofread your literature review thoroughly before submitting it once you have finished writing and revising it.

When you reach the conclusion of a piece of literature, you should feel satisfied that the story has come to a natural end. All of the loose ends should be tied up, and you should have a sense of closure. That being said, there are a few different ways that authors can choose to end their stories. Some may choose to end on a note of hope, while others may opt for a more bittersweet or even tragic ending.

No matter what type of ending a story has, it should always feel earned. The events of the story should lead logically to the conclusion, and the conclusion should be in keeping with the tone of the story as a whole. A good ending will leave you thinking about the characters and the world long after you‘ve finished reading.

Basic steps for writing the abstract
Following are the most common steps that the abstract include in almost every dissertation or thesis.

Whether you are writing an abstract for a class, a research paper, or a conference, the format is basically the same. The length can vary from a few sentences to a couple of paragraphs, and the purpose is to give the reader a general idea of the paper without getting bogged down in the details.

In most cases, you will want to start by writing a brief summary of the paper, followed by the main points, and finally, the conclusion. Keep in mind that the abstract is not an opportunity to show off your writing skills; it is simply a way to give the reader a quick overview of the paper.


Begin by clearly defining your research’s purpose. What theoretical or practical issue does the study address, and what research question were you trying to answer? You may give a brief explanation of the topic’s social or academic relevance, but avoid providing in-depth background information. If your abstract contains technical terms with multiple meanings or that are unfamiliar to the typical academic reader, provide a brief definition.

Declare the goal of your research after identifying the problem. To describe what you intend to do, use verbs such as “investigate,” “test,” “analyze,” or “evaluate”. This section of the abstract may be written in the present tense or the past simple, but it must never refer to the future because the research is finished.


Next, describe the research techniques you employed to find the answer to your question. In this section, you should give a brief, one- or two-sentence account of what you did. It is generally written in the past tense because it refers to completed actions.

The purpose of this section is not to discuss the methodology’s advantages and disadvantages, but rather to provide the reader with a brief overview of the overall strategy and methods you employed. Do not assess validity or obstacles here.

Then, summarize the major research findings. This section of the abstract can written in either the present or past tense. You might not be able to include all of the results here, depending on how lengthy and involved your research is. To help the reader understand your conclusions, try to draw attention to the most crucial findings.


Finally, you should go over your research’s main findings: what is your solution to the problem or question? The main argument or conclusion supported by your research should be clear to the reader when they have finished reading. Usually, present simple use when writing conclusions.

Wrapping up

A good abstract is brief but powerful, so make every word count. Each sentence should communicate one main idea clearly. On the other hand, the literature review is lengthy but it does not contain any useless information.

So make sure to carefully look for literature that is relevant to your research problem and questions. Since, a literature review is the most important part of any research project (Sutton, 2016).

Today is the last day of my work week and I wanted to take a moment to reflect on all that I accomplished this week. I started the week by wrapping up a project that I had been working on for weeks. It felt good to finally have it done and to be able to move on to other things.

I also had a lot of meetings this week, both in person and over the phone. I‘m really starting to get a feel for how things work around here and I‘m slowly but surely getting to know people. All in all, it was a good week and I‘m looking forward to a relaxing weekend.

Reference list

DWH (2022). Chapter 2 literature review. Online Available at <> [Accessed on 18th August 2022]

Sutton, A. (2016). Systematic approaches to a successful literature review. Sage Publications.

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