What Is a Media Converter and How Do I Pick One?
A media converter is also known as a fiber media converter, is a system that enables copper-to-fiber or fiber-to-fiber connections for MAN (metropolitan area network) connectivity and data transport services to business customers. It’s a versatile and cost-effective way to stretch transmission distances while preserving existing cabling infrastructure.
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Fiber optic media converter is a very simple networking device that used to convert electrical signal utilized in copper cable to light signals for fiber optic cabling and vice versa. It is essential to have the fiber optic connectivity for which fiber optic media converters are used. When the distance between two network devices is more. We consider it when the distance greater than the copper cabling’s transmission distance.
A computer placed in a remote location, an access point in an outdoor area, a video surveillance camera, or an access control system far from the last switch, are all typical examples of this kind of situation. If the requirement is to extend the LAN beyond 100 meters, a network extender is required and a media converter is the perfect solution.
The Structure Fiber optic media converter
A Fiber optic media converter is usually a two-port device equipped with a copper interface on one side and a fiber interface on the other side. Extending a network to a distant location is achieved by using a fiber connection from the network switch and a fiber optic media converter to connect to the device.
How do you choose the right fiber optic media converter from the wide range of options available?
Fiber optic cables & switches have changed the way the Internet works in today’s time. To assist you in making a better decision, the following sections will describe popular media converter types and application environments.
Types of Media Converters and How to Choose One
Different network protocols, data rates, cabling, and connector types are supported by different media converters.
Media Converter (Managed vs. Unmanaged)
Unmanaged Fiber optic media converters are plug-and-play. They make installation and troubleshooting simple for beginners. It allows for basic communication with other computers. But lacks control and management capabilities. When simple use and management are needed, unmanaged media converters are adequate for a small business or campus.
Managed Fiber optic media converter has the functions of networking monitoring, fault detection, and remote management. They enable network administrators to completely control the data, bandwidth, and traffic. But they are more costly. For complex environments such as large data centers and enterprise networks, managed media converters are preferable choices for better management, security, and reliability.
Non-PoE vs PoE Media Converter
Power-over-Ethernet or PoE media converters achieve reliable and cost-effective fiber distance extension for PoE-powered devices, providing power to network devices over the same copper cable used for data. It can power devices like IP phones, videoconferencing equipment, IP cameras, and WiFi devices over copper cabling. Thus it is widely used for connecting security cameras and wireless access points in some inaccessible areas to the Gigabit backbone.
Over copper cabling, it can power IP phones, videoconferencing equipment, IP cameras, and WiFi devices. As a result, it’s commonly used to link surveillance cameras and wireless access points to Gigabit backbones in some inaccessible areas.
Media Converters: Standalone vs. Chassis-Based
Stand-alone media converters are small and easy to use, saving time and money. It’s ideal for applications that need a small amount of space, such as telecommunication cabinets or distribution boxes. Several independent media converters and a chassis capable of holding a dozen converters are included in chassis-based media converters.
Mini vs. Standard Media Converter
Mini-media converters have better chips than normal media converters. Its benefits include DIP (dual in-line package) switch functions that can be used to meet a variety of requirements. Mini-media converters are common in large network environments because of their small size.
Industrial vs. Commercial Media Converter
Industrial media converters are designed to withstand harsh conditions, delivering high-efficiency media conversion in temperatures ranging from -40°C to 85°C, as well as high shock and vibration. Building automation, oil and gas exploration and mining, traffic control, weather forecasting, and other industrial and outdoor applications are all popular uses for them. Commercial media converters with an operating temperature range of -10°C to 55°C are equipped for standard office and data center environments with a stable ambient temperature.
Copper to Fiber Media Converter
Copper to fiber media converters enables copper-based Ethernet devices to be connected over long distances through a fiber optic link, which protects data from noise and interference while also providing additional bandwidth capacity to a network. Ethernet media converters link Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit, and 10 Gigabit Ethernet devices; TDM (Time Division Multiplexing) media converters expand standard TDM telecom protocols copper connections, and serial-to-fiber media converters extend serial protocol copper connections to fiber. Point-to-point connections are well suited for copper to fiber media converters.
Media Converter from Fiber to Fiber
Fiber to fiber media converters can bind multimode and single-mode fibers. As well as dual and single fibers, and convert wavelengths. When lower-cost legacy equipment uses MM ports but requires connection to SM equipment, multimode to single-mode converters are usually needed. Multimode Fiber optc media converters have a transmission range of up to 2 kilometers and are commonly used in the short-distance transmission to extend LANs over fiber cable. Single-mode media converters, on the other hand, can cover distances of up to 100 kilometers, making them ideal for connecting corporate networks or campus backbones with bandwidth-hungry applications.
With Fiber optic media converters, more data is transferred at a faster rate. Fiber can transport more data over longer distances than copper cabling, and increased distances provide the ability to reach more users and equipment. Fiber has complete immunity to electrical interference and provides higher security than copper cabling because it has no electromagnetic emission. These characteristics have made fiber an ideal medium for commercial, utility, government, and financial networks.
How to Use Copper-to-Fiber Media Converters
Copper-to-fiber media converters are compact devices that provide seamless integration of copper and fiber cabling. They can be deployed in a variety of networks, and typically provide point-to-point fiber connectivity in copper networks.
Ethernet Point-to-Point Media Converter Application
This application example demonstrates how to deploy media converters and provide seamless integration of different Ethernet cabling media. Ethernet copper-to-fiber media converters support a variety of cabling and connectors, different network protocols, and data rates from 10 Mbps to 10G.
A pair of copper-to-fiber media converters is used to connect two copper switches via fiber. A workstation and a server are also connected to the network using pairs of copper-to-fiber media converters.
A fiber optic media converter can link copper and fiber cables used in a network at a low cost. It can greatly increase transmission distances while still being versatile and simple to use. Since there are so many different types of media converters for different applications, it’s best to think about the current and future network needs before selecting the right ones.
So when are you switching to Fiber connectivity for the network? Use fiber optic media converters and get a faster, secured connection. You can choose the most suitable one according to your specific needs.