Home Improvement

The Most Common Types of Air Conditioning Compressors

The commercial air compressor is responsible for two tasks that make our world possible: refrigeration and air conditioning. Without these two systems, daily life would be quite different place than it is today. This article will be focusing on air condition, which makes life better for those in warm climates that rely on this appliance throughout the year. Although the basic concepts around the chilling cycle remain consistent, a reciprocating air compressor for air conditioners has several types.

Keep reading to learn more about these types!

Centrifugal Compressor

A centrifugal compressed is used in the largest HVAC systems. Per the name, it pulls refrigerant through the system using centrifugal force, and the gas is compressed with an impeller. Due to their industrial and commercial use, this compressor type is the largest and most expensive option.

Reciprocating Compressor

The reciprocating AC compressor has the lengthiest service history and is most comparable to refrigeration compressors. It operates with the piston compressing air by moving up and down within a cylinder. This motion creates a vacuum effect that sucks in the refrigerant in gas form. This system can suffer from failures due to piston wear-out, but when using up to eight cylinders, this compressor is incredibly efficient.

Rotary Compressor

A rotary compressor is the preferred option if the operating noise is a factory. They feature a modest footprint, are quiet, and do not produce excessive vibration, like those found in other compressors. Within the unit is a bladed shaft that rotates in the graduated cylinder to compress and push the refrigerant simultaneously.

Screw Compressor

Screw compressors are restricted to large commercial buildings where a large amount of air must circulate. This unit type contains helical rotors that push air back and forth. Screw compressors are some of the most dependable and efficient on the market but are not cost-effective when used for smaller applications.

Scroll Compressor

Scroll compressors are newer innovations that are comprised of a scroll and fixed coil found in the unit’s center. The coil rotates around the central scroll, thus compressing the refrigerant and pushing it toward the center. Since there are fewer mechanical parts, the scroll compressor is significantly more dependable than most other options.

While different AC compressors do not directly work together, temperature and humidity conditions in one area of the building impact all other sections. Therefore, if looking for commercial compressors, it is important to have a procurement plan in place. Before purchasing, knowing the several types that apply to your operation is critical.

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